East Lake Plum Garden has added more than 160 kinds of plum blossoms to the world


Plum blossom appreciation has become a popular leisure choice for Wuhan residents this winter. The plum blossom in the Plum Garden of East Lake is in full spirits after the snow in the Year of the Tiger, attracting many tourists.Winter snow also plays a “preservation” role for plum blossom, Yangtze Daily reporter learned that at present, about 60% of plum blossom blossom in the East Lake Plum Garden, the Lantern Festival is the best viewing period.During a visit to the park on November 11, two “tourists” with overshoes and pens in hand looked around the branches of plum blossoms.Who are they?What are you doing?Upon closer inquiry, it was revealed that the two “tourists” were actually senior engineers of the China Plum Blossom Research Center located in the Plum Garden of East Lake, and were making tour records.Yan Xiaolan, a senior engineer who has worked at east Lake Plum Garden for 24 years, said tourists appreciate the plum blossom for its color, fragrance and shape, while garden engineers observe the plum blossom to see various data reflecting the health of the plant.In leng Yan pavilion next to a plum tree, Yan Xiaolan is skillful and gentle to open the eyes of the plum flower petals, taking a ruler to measure the length of the flower stem, a total of ten, the average will be recorded to the paper, from the pocket to take out chromatography compared to color and color, and then quietly counting the number of petals, recorded in the case, turn toward another plum tree.Reporters followed and saw that Yan xiaolan had written most of her notes on white paper, recording the proportion of flowers in different varieties of the park, the number of petals, the length of flower stems, the color of petals, and the branches of tree trunks.Changjiang daily, reporter saw in front of the part of the plum tree, YanXiao observation is half an hour, and seven round the garden, a lap down, is the most, “this tree is the west varieties, popular said is to cultivate the breeding of new varieties of trees, flowers usually need three years observation period, after wait for stability up to standard, to confirm whether it is new, so need more detailed records.”After the tour, Yan xiaolan returned to her office, changed her muddy overshoes, patted the black dust on her sleeve, and entered the recorded data into the corresponding form on her computer.A closer look shows that the time of the first blossom and the time of the first ten blossoms of each type of plum blossom in the garden this year are recorded, and the records of previous years are neatly placed in folders.Tour garden every day, stand all day is common, YanXiaoLan admitted that it was close to retirement age, standing for a long time sometimes sore waist, but she still walks wearing overshoes belong to their “world” : “daily record is the foundation of scientific maintenance, comparative and historical, if the situation is not stable, flowers then will for more ‘focus’ in the tree.”The Plum Garden of East Lake is open to tourists seasonally. It opens when flowers bloom and closes when flowers fade, but the maintenance work runs through the whole growth cycle of plum trees.”Although plum blossom is known as ling Frost proud snow character, but plum trees only grow well, grow strong, flowers will open more dense, blooming time is longer, so year-round tracking fine maintenance is essential.”Jiang Runqing, senior engineer of China Plum Blossom Research Center, introduced that there are seven resident engineers in the center, including two senior engineers and three senior engineers. The division of labor is clear, and each is doing his or her own job. The goal is to take good care of every plum tree in the plum garden of more than 800 mu.”There aren’t a lot of tricks to take care of plants, just careful management.”Tao Dongzhi, senior engineer of China Plum Blossom Research Center, is mainly responsible for maintenance work, including post-flowering pruning, bud wiping, drainage in plum rain season, drought resistance in summer and autumn, fertilization in autumn and winter, pruning in winter and garden cleaning disinfection, etc., and comprehensive prevention and control of diseases and insect pests all year round.”Plum blossom nature ‘tough’, bloom without too much artificial intervention, let the natural growth of plum blossom, January to February is the most ‘busy’ conservation people, generally do not need additional watering.Before the opening of the garden, we will carry out plum blossom exhibition, freehand bonsai production, flower arrangement, etc. During the opening of the garden, professional and technical personnel need to record the flowering period and traits of varieties, take photos of varieties, etc.If a tree branch is damaged in my daily tour, I have to re-support it and bind it, but this is rare.”Tao Dongzhi told reporters that pruning mode should be started immediately after flowers fade. “Pruning plum trees is a key task in plum garden, and the golden time is very short, the end of March to early April is appropriate.In mid-April, the leaves will grow luxuriously and grow naturally without pruning. The branches are too dense. In summer, the heat and drought make it easy to die.”According to Tao dongzhi, drainage from April to June and drought control from July to September are routine tasks every year.In order to ensure the growth of ancient plum trees, the China Plum Blossom Research Center has set up an ancient plum tree maintenance team, which takes care of them all year round. In autumn and winter, the ancient plum trees will be consulted and sterilized, preserved and supported according to the situation.In addition, spring, summer and autumn also need to visit the garden to observe pests and diseases, “especially the ancient plum garden of the old trees, longicorn and termites easy to breed in the trunk, we always all out to see a tree, found larvae hook with wire or spray agents.”According to the flowering period, the plum blossom is divided into early-flowering, mid-flowering and late-flowering varieties, and further counting, there are more than 400 varieties of the international login of plum blossom, among which more than 160 varieties for the East Lake Plum Garden ‘original’ after the application for international login.”Jiang Runqing, a senior engineer of China Plum Blossom Research Center, said, “In the 1950s, there were 74 kinds of plum blossom in the plum Garden.On March 10, 1991 China flower association approved after the east lake garden established Chinese plum flower research center, in the senior academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering jun-yu Chen old gentleman help and Zhao Shoubian, under the guidance of the old professor for many years through the introduction and breeding, hybridization pollination, at present a total of more than 340 varieties of clubs and become an important base plum international login.”Li Qingwei, secretary general of Plum blossom Branch of China Flower Association and professor of Beijing Forestry University, commented on the East Lake Plum Garden in this way: “Wuhan Mill Shandong Lake Plum Garden is the base for collecting, preserving and displaying the most cultivated plum blossom varieties in China, the most registered plum blossom varieties in the world, and the most standard plum blossom variety resource nursery. It is the national plum blossom germplasm resource bank.”It is not easy to develop new varieties of plum blossom, which need five to eight years of careful care.Yan xiaolan said the research and development of new plum varieties is mainly through seed selection and cross breeding.Emasculation in bud, choose different varieties of flower pollinate, adopting technical measures to ensure the success of the pollination, after waiting for June as a result, the seed of sand hidden sowing, grow seedlings, bed out after a few months, often will need at least 5 years time to blossom, then after three years of observation, after being stable character, more special, more ornamental varieties screening form,Apply for international registration of new varieties.”At present, there are a number of pre-selected new varieties growing well in the park. We are constantly monitoring and may register some more varieties in a concentrated way this year or next year. Please stay tuned.”Yan Xiaolan told reporters with a smile.Statement: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will deal with it in time.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com

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